Creation of Visual Minimum Valuation Register (MVR) using GIS Map

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Registration Name : eINDIA2011/AN/234
Project Category : eGov::Best Government to Government Initiative of the Year
Project Name : Creation of Visual Minimum Valuation Register (MVR) using GIS Map

Details of Applicant :
Name : Udai Singh Kumawat
Address : Vikas Bhavan, New Secretariat Bailey Road Patna
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 800015

Details of Project/Implementing Agency
Name of Organisation : Registration, Excise & Prohibition department (Registration), Government of Bihar
Address : Vikas Bhavan, New Secretariat,Bailey Road,Patna
City : Patna
State : Bihar
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 800015
Name of the head of Organisation : Amir Subhani,Secretary, Registration Excise & Prohibition Department, Government of Bihar
Website : http://registration.bih.nic.in/

Brief description of the programme/project/Initiative :
Creation of Visual Minimum Valuation Register (MVR) using GIS Map for rural as well as urban areas and to integrate spatial & non-spatial data related to MVR, Land Type and other attributes to leverage National GIS framework as a web-based GIS service. One of the important sources of revenue for the State Government is from the registration of documents which comes through Stamp duty and Registration Fees. In Bihar, it is the third largest source of revenue grossing Rs. 1250 crores in revenue in 2010-11. In order to put a curb on tendency of undervaluation of property in deeds of transfer causing loss to state exchequer, the concept of estimation of minimum value of various category of land in both rural and urban areas was introduced in 1995. A register is thus prepared annually for all lands in urban areas and once in two years for all lands in rural areas in which the minimum estimated value of land is recorded. This register is commonly known as Minimum Value Register or MVR. The MVR is thus the basis on which Stamp duty and Registration fee is collected in Registration offices. Under this Project the following activities were taken up : • MVR Thana/ward wise mapping within GIS Village data – The 40000 odd villages for which MVR has been prepared in the State, was mapped on the GIS maps containing village census data. • Color Coding – MVR for 15 different value ranges has been identified & each of the range is represented by intensity of different color. The 2(two) color coding option is also available for representing the variation of MVR. • Preparation of Visual MVR: Any District magistrate through this software can visually see the MVR values of any category of land of any blocks, group of blocks or the whole district and can visually see the variation in value of land with respect to major landmarks which affect land values like national highway, canal, river, block headquarter etc. It is estimated that this single intervention shall result in boost in revenue collection to the extent of Rs. 200 crores annually.

Why was the project started :
As elaborated above, the MVR forms the basis on which Stamp duty and registration fee are calculated. Correct preparation of MVR is thus vital for preventing revenue leakage. The purpose of this initiative is to generate a rural and urban MVR data by integrating spatial & non-spatial data related to MVR, Land Type and other attributes leveraging National GIS framework. The project introduced with following purposes:- (i) To prepare correct MVR which reflect the realities on ground to prevent leakage of revenue. (ii) To develop a transparent system of preparation of MVR. (iii) Monitoring of correct preparation of MVR throughout the State. (iv) Ensure that land values reflect landmarks such as Highway, Market, Block HQ, facility of irrigation etc The Present MVR , which is just a series of numbers makes it impossible to analyze if the expected variations as noted above have been incorporated in MVR. The software prepared under this Project allows for following analysis to be conducted in just a few hours which would not have been possible at all under the previous system. • Color Analysis : Through preparation of visual MVR of any block or a district, the variation of land value of any category can be seen visually and discrepancy in land valuation with respect to landmarks like national highways, canals, rivers, block/district headquarters can be rectified. • Peak & Trough Analysis – This relates to visual depiction of value of any category of land in each village with the average of surrounding villages. In whichever villages the land value is lower than a specified percentage of the average could be taken up for rectification. • Analysis on variation in land value between different land types – Any district magistrate can analyze the variation in land values between different categories of land. He can compare the average variation among various land types within blocks of his district and also with other districts in the state . Discrepancies found through these comparisons can then be rectified.

Objective :
The objective was to prepare a software which would help in preparation of correct MVR and thus prevent leakage of revenue. This was done through creation of a visual MVR using GIS maps which would enable analysis of MVR To display visual MVR data using GIS for rural as well as urban areas and to integrate spatial & non-spatial data related to MVR, Land Type and other attributes to leverage National GIS framework as a web-based GIS service.
Target group : District Collectors & others officials of Government of Bihar
Geographical reach : Entire Bihar
Date from which the project became operational : Day June 2011
Is the Project still operational : YES

10 points that make the programme/project innovative?

  1. Use of GIS maps for preparation of MVR as a concept is one of its kind in the country.
  2. It allows for comparison of land rates of various categories across the State which was not possible so far.
  3. It also allows for comparison of land rates among categories both within the district and also across the districts, something which was not possible so far.
  4. Correct preparation of MVR shall have huge revenue implication and has a potential to boost revenue by Rs. 200 crores.

List the 5 achievements of the programme/project?

  1. MVR Thana/ward wise mapping within GIS Village data
  2. Quick analysis of discrepancies in MVR in a few hours which was not possible earlier.
  3. Different analysis like Peak & trough analysis, Color analysis and analysis on different land type which was not possible earlier.
  4. Potential boost to land revenue to the tune of Rs. 200 crores

List the 5 key challenges faced while implementing the programme/project/initiative :

  1. MVR Registers are voluminous. The Present MVR , which is just a series of numbers makes it impossible to analyze if the expected variations have been incorporated in reality or not.
  2. There is no way of analyzing whether the valuations have been correctly recorded. There are a number of factors which decide valuation of Land.
  3. There is also a range within which land value is expected to vary within a village.
  4. Verification of the mapped data for error-free and correctness in visual mode.
  5. Standardized Land Category for all district

List the 5 points how can the prgramme serve as a model that can be replicated or adapted by others?

  1. Registration Department, Government of Bihar can share the following with any other State in the country which can help in replicating the Project :
  2. The RFQ and RFP document issued for floating the tender for selection of the Project can be shared with other States.
  3. The detailed instruction manual prepared for implementation of the Project can also be shared.
  4. Experience sharing of the day to day problems faced while implementation of the Project could also be shared which shall help any other steps to avoid any pitfalls and making the implementation even more smooth than what has been the case in Bihar.

List 5 points to elaborate on the scalability of the programme/project/initiative :

  1. GIS maps of the whole country are available. Thus GIS mapping of MVRs in all States can be conducted.
  2. Since the Project has a positive impact on revenue, it is in interest of all other States to implement this initiative.
  3. The State of Bihar can also share the software prepared by it which could be adopted by other States with local modifications. In fact the software could be developed in form of an open source library with each State making its own improvement.
  4. Since the use of the Project is web based, other States can easily access it and assess its utility before implementing it in their State.

Creation of Visual MVR using GIS Map

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