e-krishi kiran programme (Soil Health Card Project)

Vote Now

Registration Name : eINDIA2011/AN/154
Project Category : eGov::Best Government to Citizens Initiative of the Year
Project Name : e-krishi kiran programme (Soil Health Card Project)

Details of Applicant :
Name : Arvind M Shekh
Address : Anand Agricultural University Anand-388 110 (Gujarat)
City : Anand
State : Gujarat
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 388 001

Details of Project/Implementing Agency :
Name of Organisation : Anand Agricultural University
Address : Anand Agricultural University ,Anand-388 110 (Gujarat),
City : Anand
State : Gujarat
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 388 001
Name of the head of Organisation : Dr A M Shekh
Website : http://www.aau.in/

Brief description of the programme/project/Initiative : Architecture of e-krishi kiran programme (Soil Health Card Project) The architecture of the e-krishi kiran programme consists of four components viz., (1) Input, (2) Data base and Software, (3) Network and (4) Output. The details are as under. (A) Input To achieve the objectives of the programme, utilizing various applications, a number of basic information are required to be fed to the system. These information / data were collected from various government departments, agricultural universities, and NGOs in the state. Some of the important ones are given below. (1) Information on individual farmer (2) Soil-test values of individual farmer’s field: values of EC, pH, organic carbon and available phosphorus and potassium. (3) Soil characteristics (4) Meteorological data (5) Agro-climatic zone wise cultivation practices of all crops (6) Data on economics (Taluka-wise and crop-wise) (7) Recommended fertilizer dose (8) Information for crop planning (9) Agricultural Production Planning (B) Data base and Software (1) The system can generate recommendation of the fertilizers needed for a particular crop based on a nutrition status of farmer’s soil on the basis of low, medium, high soil fertility rating. (2) The system can generate recommendation of the possible alternative crops to a farmer for better crop production based on his cropping practice and weather condition in his area considering the facts like moisture availability index, available water capacity, length of growing period, surplus water and supplementary irrigation. (3) The system can generate recommendation of the alternative crops with a generic ranking of crops in terms of profitability, looking into the various costs involved for producing that crop. (4) The system can generate statewise, districtwise, talukawise and individual farmerwise model action plans for crop production. (5) The system can generate various FAQs for farmers about agriculture and animal husbandry in a well classified manner. (C) Network The main server is maintained at the State capital and the raplica server is at ITC, AAU, Anand. In case of any damage to one data base, the other will serve the purpose. Besides, there is a web server at the agricultural universities at Navsari, Dantiwada and Junagadh. The Programme is a plug-in network to the Gujarat State Wide Area Network. (D) Output (1) Soil Health Card Soil health and its fertility play a key role in crop production. Soil analysis is the means to know the soil health. However, till recent past, fertilizer recommendations for different crops are made on the basis of agronomical practices and not on the soil test base. Soil test based recommendation for fertilizer use will not only increase the crop production with judicious investment on fertilizer use but will also help to keep the soil productivity sustainable. The English version of printed farmer’s soil health card is given as under. The General Information of farmer, Land Information, Soil analysis information, Crop-wise fertilizer recommendations and Ready Racknor for calculating the quantity of fertilizer are the main information given in the Soil Health Card. (2) Village soil health card In general it is perceived that the land of different fields in a same village may have less variation in respect of the soil fertility. Hence, the fertility index is calculated from the available reports of the soil analysis of the fields of same village and on the basis of fertility index, the farmers who had not made their soil tested were recommended for the requirement of the fertilization of each crop. Access to Soil Health Card The individual soil health card or the village soil health card can be viewed / accessed through internet. However, it is presumed that the farmers may have not easy access to the internet hence Govt. of Gujarat has made provision to supply printed copy of the individual soil health card to each farmers. Moreover, the printed colour copy of the village soil health card is also supplied to each gram panchayat during Krushi Mahotsav regularly every year. (3) Alternative Crop Planning Crop planning for rainfed crops is based on LGP (length of growing period). The LGP is derived form MAI (moisture availability index), which in turn is obtained from AWC (available soil moisture capacity). In this exercise, soil type, bulk density, available water in soil, rainfall (average of 80 years), PEI etc. are taken into consideration. Surplus rain water available for recycling through farm pond is also obtained. These data have been worked out for all the talukas of Gujarat. Farmers require the guidance on the best possible alternative crop which can be grown on his farm considering soil and meteorological parameters. Moisture availability index is the base for the suggestion of crop planning. The availability of water in the soil during the course of crop growth determines largely its yield. Soil water availability depends on rainfall, PET, types of soil and crop water use. Though the availability in amount and distribution of rainfall and PET (across location) undoubtedly affect the duration & characteristics of growing season, the differences in soils, specially in respect of moisture storage and release characteristics strongly influence the agricultural value of rainfall. Thus, a study of soil water balance is a pre-requisite in planning rain-fed farming for optimum rainfall use. Crop Cultivation Practices Farmer will require to know the scientific cultivation practices of the suggested alternative crop, therefore the detail package of practices for cultivation is also given as hyperlink with each name of the crop. Thus, existing crop and their economics V/S suggested alternative rain fed / irrigated crops with their economics and package of practices for cultivation of all the crops can be viewed by the farmers in detail through internet. (4) Model Action Plan The function of the Action Plan Module is to capture all kinds of agricultural, demographic, geographic, climate and socio-economic data associated with a taluka so that these inputs can further be used to decide about the effectiveness of the recommendations given to the farmer. This module can also produce different kinds of reports and analysis for the scientists / planners so as to enable them for better decision making. (5) FAQ and Solution of Queries The Question – Answer bank is maintained in a classified way for the frequently asked questions by the farmers. The answers of such questions are prepared by the concerned scientist, so that firsthand knowledge of research recommendations may be available to the farmers. If a farmer requires more details of technology or has any problem he can send his problem through the query form available on the system.

Why was the project started :
In India, there is enormous amount of data related to agricultural science available with the scientific community that are mainly restricted to the labs and research stations across the Agricultural Universities. There is a need to transform these huge databases into technologies and to make it available to the farmers as technological interventions suitable to a specific farming condition. The farmers can get benefited, if this scientific agricultural information is made available to them and is used practically in the crop fields. The present system of transfer of agricultural technologies includes individual (the VLWs in most of Government schemes are using this); Group (training, group discussions etc.) and Mass (radio, television, etc.) extension methods. These methods have their own merits and limitations; that make them useful and effective in a specific situation. Enormous research studies interpreted that individual extension methods are expensive and time consuming; though it gives guidance on the basis of firsthand knowledge of a farm. However it is difficult for the government to engage the extension personals for 18,600 scattered villages in Gujarat state and impossible for the scientist to advocate all the farmers according to their farm conditions. Contrary to this, mass extension method is less expensive and could reach at a time to many farmers, but could not be useful in providing guidance on particular farm situation. Government of Gujarat has thought out a new way by launching e-Krishi Kiran Programme (Soil Health Card Program) which is an online program of technology transfer with an individual farm condition in focus. This program is expected to bridge the distance between Scientist – Extensionist – Farmers and Input-Output Dealers effectively. It helps making transfer of technology more scientific, precise, easy, and need based. The Soil Health Card System is a web based information system designed to run on internet and intranet (Gujarat State Wide Area Network). This is a repository of agricultural information for the benefit of farmers, agricultural scientists and decision makers. The Soil Health Card System is a unique information initiative of its kind in India pioneered and initiated by the Government of Gujarat for the benefit of farmers at the grass-root level.

Objective :
(1) To analyze soil sample of farmers’ fields across the state covering all the villages. (2) To advocate soil-test based fertilizer rates for different crops grown by the farmer on the basis of the analytical results of soil of his farm (3) To suggest possible new crops / cropping system that can give higher income based on taluka level data on the available soil moisture, harvest and utilization of runoff water, suitability of crops and crop growth period based on moisture utilization of the crops. (4) To provide all the scientific recommendations and information on line for the benefit of farmers as well as all those who are working for the farming community.
Target group : Farmers, Input dealers, Extension workers at state / district / taluka / village level of the Gujarat state.
Geographical reach : Gujarat state, however programme is accessible throughout the world through internet.
Date from which the project became operational : 1 May 2006
Is the Project still operational : YES

10 points that make the programme/project innovative?

  1. Direct involvement of agricultural scientists to bridge the gap between actual and potential production.
  2. Analysis of soil of all the villages of the state.
  3. Recommendation for fertilizer usages for each farm, based on soil analysis
  4. Suggest alternate cropping pattern based on moisture availability index with cultivation practices and economics of all crops.
  5. Provide Soil Health Card (SHC) to each farmer to guide him about his soil conditions and cropping practices to be followed.
  6. This is a repository of agricultural information for the benefit of farmers, agricultural scientists and decision makers.
  7.  The system can process for the validation of the soil analysis data, so that data entry can be checked by the system and wrongly entered data may be rejected during the process of entry of data.
  8.  The system can process various transaction data for soil, weather, fertilizers, profitability of a crop, etc. for generation of various reports and recommendations for the crop, so that desired reports and recommendations can be made available.
  9.  The soil fertility index of each village on the basis of available soil analysis reports of the individual farmers, to generate village soil health card for the use of other farmers who had not made soil testing of their fields.
  10.  The agro climatic zone wise and location specific package of cultivation practices for all the possible crops in taluka are easily available for farmers and extension workers in e-krishi kiran program

List the 5 achievements of the programme/project?

  1. The soil analysis of 32 lakhs individual farmers has been made and it’s results are stored in the database. On that basis Soil Health Card has been generated and given to the farmers. Total 3183875 Soil Helth Cards are Generated.
  2. The village Soil Health card based on fertility index from soil test values of the village fields are generated for 18,600 villages of the state, which is useful for farmers who’s fields are not analyzed
  3.  For all the 225 talukas of Gujarat, e-krishi kiran system generates alternative crop Planning & recommendations.
  4.  For all the 225 talukas of Gujarat, e-krishi kiran system generates alternative crop Planning & recommendations.
  5.  For all the 18600 villages of Gujarat, e-krishi kiran system creates Village Model Action Plan.

List the 5 key challenges faced while implementing the programme/project/initiative :

  1. The provision of online data entry by multi users at district / taluka level is made in e-Krishi Kiran programme. However, due to interruption in network connectivity it was become problem in generating Soil Health Card for the farmers at Soil testing laboratories. To solve this problem off line data entry provision is now developed.
  2. The agriculture science has its own terminology and variability so it was found very difficult to coordinate all kind of experts to explain the requirement to the professionals of information technology. Not only that, projects required the field experts of agriculture department and scientist of university at a time. So to organize this all, special cell for the development of e-krishi kiran project was established and the experts from line departments and university were fulltime posted on deputation at the cell for the special purpose.
  3. The coordination of all the four agricultural universities of the state was also difficult for the collection of different inputs. To solve the problem Govt. of Gujarat formed state level committees to work for the development of e-krishi kiran programme.
  4. As the farmers are very passive in nature in adoption of new technology, it is very difficult to popularize e-krishi kiran programme among the farmers, for this two-way approach is pursued by Government of Gujarat to promote scientific farming. One is printing of Soil Health Card and its distribution in Krushi Melas particularly Krushi Mahotsav in summer and another is display in the website. Besides the printed card & their distribution, a film on this subject in Gujarati language depicting how the on-line information is user friendly and just a ‘click away’ is being shown in all farmers’ gathering. In addition, a book in Gujarati language “Matimathi Moti” (Pearls from soil) depicting page-wise content in the web programme has been brought out. All these efforts have made the programme popular among the farmers.
  5. It is very difficult for the farmers to access the information of e. Krishi Kiran through internet as they do not have internet facility at their own so Government has established one set up of computer with a internet connectivity of Gujarat State Wide Area Network under e.gram vishvagram yojna at all the villages of the state and made computer education compulsory from the fifth standard. Thus, farmers are now able to access from their village computer with internet facilities available under e. gram vishvagram project of Government of Gujarat.

List the 5 points how can the programme serve as a model that can be replicated or adapted by others?

  1. The application model can be utilized for the remaining state of the india with a required modification in location specific technology and vernacular language of the respective state.

List 5 points to elaborate on the scalability of the programme/project/initiative :

  1. System can easily incorporate new Agricultural services.
  2. It is portable on various platforms.
  3. Administrative scalability: System can easily share a single distributed system among increasing number of organizations.
  4. System is capable to adopt new functionality at minimal effort.
  5.  Load scalability: system or component can be easily modified, added, or removed to accommodate changing load.
Vote Now
Do you like it? Share it!

Comments Closed

Comments are closed.