Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) for Rural Water Supply Sector

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Registration Name : eINDIA2011/AN/116
Project Category : eGov::Best Government to Government Initiative of the Year
Project Name : Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) for Rural Water Supply Sector

Details of Applicant :
Name : Seemantinee Sengupta
Address : Ministry of Communications & Information Technology A Block, CGO Complex Lodhi Road
City : New Delhi
State : Delhi
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 110003

Details of Project/Implementing Agency
Name of Organisation : Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Govt. of India
Address : 8th Floor, Paryavaran Bhavan, CGO Complex,Lodhi Road,
City : New Delhi
State : Delhi
Country : INDIA
Zip Code : 110003
Name of the head of Organisation : Mr. Sujoy Mojumdar
Website : http://ddws.gov.in

Brief description of the programme/project/Initiative :
The National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) was launched by the erstwhile Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Rural Development, (now Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation) on April 1, 2009 with emphasis on ensuring sustainability of drinking water in terms of availability, potability, adequacy, convenience, affordability and equity while also adopting decentralized approach involving PRIs and community organizations. Adequate flexibility has been given to the States/UTs to incorporate the principles of decentralized, demand driven, area specific strategy taking into account all aspects of the sustainability of the source, system, finance and management of the drinking water supply infrastructure. Accordingly, a monitoring software for NRWDP had to be developed for enabling effective monitoring of the Programme. It was proposed that a web based software – the Integrated Information Management System (IMIS), will serve as the main tool for monitoring the Programme. For proper utilization of this software, the state officials were urged to furnish, all the data and information online, as prescribed by DDWS from time to time, through the relevant module of the online IMIS. This also enabled the States and UTs to fully utilize the power of Information Technology for planning, monitoring and implementation of various activities in the sector and making the relevant data available at the central server through this software application. The National Informatics Centre, Department of Information Technology under the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, has developed the IMIS, provided services for capacity building of the state and district officials for its effective usage and is also responsible for future maintenance / enhancements. This system is accessible at http://indiawater.gov.in.

Why was the project started :
The project was initiated by the Government of India, in order to bring in efficiency, transparency and proper monitoring of the NRDWP. The Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) is a comprehensive web based information system, which enables the states and the center, to monitor the progress of coverage of rural habitations (habitations are small localities within a village, where cluster of families reside) and rural schools and anganwadis, with adequate potable water, through a common monitoring format. In addition to this, progress of Sustainability projects (projects taken up for recharging of water sources) and Sub-Mission projects (projects taken up for tackling quality affected habitations) can also be monitored. The IMIS enables one to view the names of quality-affected habitations and the list of slipped back habitations (habitations which earlier had drinking water supply as per the GoI norms but have reduced or no safe water supply currently) along with reasons for slippage and their coverage. Data on coverage of habitations with potable water, has been linked with the census village code for bringing in increased accuracy in the monitoring of the programme and enabling inter operability with other related databases.

Objective :
To monitor status of drinking water in rural habitations and provision of drinking water in rural schools, and to monitor the quality status of drinking water sources in rural India
Target group : Ministry officials, State government line departments, Civil Societies, PRIs / citizens,Academia
Geographical reach : IMIS has been implemented in the entire country in 622 districts
Date from which the project became operational : 1 April 2009
Is the Project still operational : YES

10 points that make the programme/project innovative?

  1. The IMIS is one of the very few online systems in which micro level (Habitation level) drinking water information is available
  2. The system has been so designed that it can accommodate changes at the policy level and reflect the changing paradigm in the rural water supply programme of the Ministry, with minimum modifications in the software and within very limited time
  3. This system has been implemented across India and can be adopted as a framework for maintaining repository of drinking water sources and systems in any location of the country and for any organization/agency which deals with such activities
  4. As the IMIS provides information at the habitation level, any officer/team of officers/survey agency visiting a rural area, can carry valuable information which helps in assessing the field realities and the effectiveness of the programme at the village level
  5. This also helps in pinpointing areas which require special attention, areas where disparity in delivery of drinking water exists and areas where repeated interventions have been made.
  6. This system has also enabled the Ministry to monitor the progress of implementation of the Drinking Water Programme in minority concentrated areas, SC ST dominated areas and special focus areas like Left wing extremist areas, hilly areas, areas demarcated as overexploited areas where ground water depletion is of great concern.
  7. The IMIS has been completely developed by an inhouse team of domain experts, nodal officers from state line departments and IT experts from NIC. This initiative requires minimal maintenance and is not dependent on any external sources for either technological inputs or data updation. Hence it is completely cost effective and sustainable initiative.
  8. All information on Rural Water Supply status is available in public domain. Visitors can also view the source wise and geographical location wise water quality information
  9. The status of fund release and utilization is also available online.
  10.  The progress of completion of water supply schemes is available on the website and the achievement against targets projected in the Annual Action Plans of each state government can also be viewed by the stakeholders viz. the Panchayati Raj Institutions, NGOs and the citizens

List the 5 achievements of the programme/project?

  1. IMIS is being implemented in 622 districts (over 2000 Public Health Engineering divisions) of the country
  2. Centralised Management and online availability of information 24×7. Up to date information of over 16.64 lakh habitations’ water supply status and 40 lakh water supply schemes, is available online.
  3. Generation of MIS reports using dynamic user defined templates
  4. Accuracy of data – Rejection of invalid and erroneous data at the lowest level maintaining data consistency and integrity through single centralized database Enables one time data capture; reducing manual work, data redundancy and reconciliation issues
  5. Timeliness of progress reporting, improved efficiency in planning & programme monitoring and enhanced transparency

List the 5 key challenges faced while implementing the programme/project/initiative :

  1. There was no validated database, data inaccuracy and inconsistencies at different level disparate databases. After implementation of IMIS on centralised database available for all users. Up to date information of over 16.64 lakh habitations’ water supply status and 40 lakh water supply schemes, is available online
  2. No global habitation code directory was available. After implementation of IMIS, a standard habitation directory has been developed which is updated annually. This is mapped to the census directory. This enables seamless integration of databases across related sectors viz. health, integrated disease surveillance programme, education, Water Resources etc. for monitoring the outcomes of individual programmes.
  3. Time consuming compilation of data. IMIS has drastically reduced the data delivery and compilation time thereby doing with inherent delays of a manual reporting system
  4. Capacity Building and skill sets on IT awareness not available in field offices. Intensive capacity building exercise was carried out by the NIC team both at state level and division level for continous development and skills enhancement of human resources. Also resistance to adopt the computerized system was handled very efficiently by the Ministry. A strong network of nodal officers and staff for implementation of the software and institutionalizing it, was created. A very efficient and prompt helpline was provided to the users and a robust feedback mechanism was put in place for constantly evolving the software and providing value addition.
  5. Non availability of computing facility and internet connectivity at the field level was a major challenge. The ministry has provided for state of art computing and networking facilities upto Sub-district level

List the 5 points how can the prgramme serve as a model that can be replicated or adapted by others?

  1. IMIS is currently under implementation in 622 districts in over 2000 geographically dispersed PHE (Public Health Engineering) divisions of the country
  2. It is seen as single window interface for all government information rural water supply schemes, rural water sources information and their quality status
  3. The IMIS is a generic framework and can be easily adopted for maintaining repository of drinking water sources and systems in any location of the country and for any organization/agency which deals with provision of drinking water through water supply schemes, with minor modifications
  4. The system has been so designed that it can accommodate changes at the policy level and reflect the changing paradigm in the rural water supply programme of the Ministry, with minimum modifications in the software and within very limited time
  5.  As data is captured at the micro level, the system is easily customizable and can be tuned to generate multiple number of reports and monitoring formats with extremely minimal design changes

List 5 points to elaborate on the scalability of the programme/project/initiative :

  1. The IMIS software has been so designed that any point of time it can support at least 100 concurrent users .
  2. It is a multi tier application software. The data tier is independent of the presentation and application logic tiers. This has made the IMIS software highly scalable
  3. IMIS has been designed in such a way that overheads associated with fetching data required for a piece of work, has been reduced by collocating the data and the software code
  4. The IMIS storage requirements are taken care of by the SAN of the NIC Data Centre and therefore limitations on data size, do not exist
  5. Output caching, an in built feature of ASP.NET has been used in development of IMIS. It allows subsequent requests for a particular page to be satisfied from the cache so the code that initially creates the page does not have to be run again. This technique has been used to cache the sites most frequently accessed pages. This has increased the Web servers throughput, commonly measured in requests per second, substantially and made the application highly scalable.

 

Documents publishing URL :

  1. http://indiawater.gov.in

 

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9 Responses to Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) for Rural Water Supply Sector

  1. Seemantinee Sengupta says:

    Fantastic website with well structured data and high performance. Should be awarded

  2. Ramakant Narayane says:

    It is the best website to plan & monitor NRDW Programme.Should be awarded.

  3. Vinod Vitthalarao Wasnik, D.E.O. BNC Region Amravati says:

    G2G project is very good.

  4. Balasaheb R. Shelar says:

    very very user friendly IMIS developed by the concern.HEARTLY CONGRATULATION!

  5. Rajesh Maindre says:

    Best website in water sector

  6. Achuta venu says:

    Excellent and Comprehensive G2G MIS

  7. Mohammed Shameem Ahmed says:

    It is the best website to plan & monitor NRDW Programme.Should be awarded.

  8. JUNAID AHMAD KHAN says:

    Its the best and probably the busiest website dealing with large database. Full points to the team managing the website.
    Junaid

  9. Sangay P Bhutia says:

    The website which gives you a ready reference about the Rural Water Supply Scheme implemented in the remotest place of India. so lets vote for the awesome website.